1. Historical background:

With the clearance of nominated mayor and nine older men at the regim of East India Company in the 1726 the Municipal Administration started its journey. Though Calcutta now Kolkata witness the pattern of development in 1794 with the decision of definite boundaries of Municipal and Judicise purpose. Upto 1864 the British has concentrated all development whatsoever within the visionary of Kolkata.

In the historical background the political scenario the British Empire has to take decision to extend the local autonomy all over the Bengal especially the big and growing business center and enacted the District Municipal Improvement Act, 1864 and the District Town Act, 1868 to take up the development and conservancy work by the help of the police.

However, without narrating much more on the subject we are coming sharply with the historical background of our institution. In 1872 at Baranagar, first modern jutemill was set up and 1899 CESC was set up.

Kamarhati Municipality though came into its existence in 1899 but was within the north Subarbun Municipalities. The area was mainly Ariadaha, Kamarhati, Bonhooghly, Dakshineswar, Baranagar, Belghoria, Palpara, Nowpara, Basudevpur, Nainan, Nija Nainan, Nain(east) and Nija Smriti. In 1881-1882 the North Subarban Municipality renamed as Baranagar Municipality. And after 17 years the Kamarhati separated from Baranagar. Kamarhati Municipality’s separated existence was demanded mainly by owner of Kamarhati Jutemill alongwith other some respected and influential members of the then nominated councilors and Ariadaha, Kamarhati, Dakshineswar and Belghoria being included in Kamarhati Municipality by gazette notification.

Major municipalities of Bengal and afterwards West Bengal witnessed slow, natural and unplanned development without having active intervention of Government or any other authorities even decades before independence and after, no urban planning ever been thought of though political scenario compelled to extend the autonomy to the civic by promalgamiting new Legislegence. Another feature clearly noticed some pick and choose plan programme intiated and implemented in different municipality time to time. One of the such programme in 1939 Baranagar and Kamarhati people witnessed that it potable water project and that event expedite the process the Urban Development no doubt.

After independence the subject got no attention of political leaders and they forgot to dealt with the subject at the time of framing out of Indian Constitution. Partition of Bengal and with the consequent effect of influx of population of East Pakistan now known as Bangladesh rapidly changed the scenario of urban towns especially those are closed to Kolkata. Our town faced unprecedented unplanned growth of settlement on low-lying areas post challenges to the town development process. Without taking care of the situation the government and the Urban Authority silently observed the situation without taking proper initiation in regard to unauthorized settlement and the civic services to those who have no other alternative but to take shelter as situation demanded.